This Ain’t No 2008 Collapse — Here’s Why
Tuesday marked the 11th anniversary of the March 10, 2009, bottom in the stock market.
This date is often referred to as the “Haines Bottom” after the late, great CNBC host called an end to the selling.
I’m going to step out on a limb here. … I think we’re at a bottom. I really do.
— Mark Haines, March 10, 2009
It’s hard to remember how bad those days were. Many people (including myself) have tried to repress those memories.
The market started selling off in the fall when the Federal Reserve let Lehman Brothers fail. Stocks dropped nearly 50% over the next six months.
But it wasn’t straight down. Along the way, there were vicious countertrend rallies.
For instance, in the last month of 2008, the S&P 500 Index went from roughly 750 to 900 — a 20% rally.
Two of the eight biggest daily percentage gains in the S&P 500’s history occurred in October 2008, in the midst of a bear market:
It’s also notable that the other largest up days occurred during the Great Depression.
This is what makes bear markets so difficult for investors.
There’s steady selling randomly interrupted with a “rip your face off” short squeeze rally when investors think the bottom has arrived.
By the end of the bear market, both the bears and the bulls are totally demoralized.
I’m pointing this out because it helps to remember what bear markets look like during times of extreme volatility.
It’s also because we’ve reached the first bear market since 2008.
It officially occurred when the S&P 500 fell to 2,708, a 20% drop from the February highs.
But while these bear markets have similar volatility, this isn’t 2008…
2008 vs. Today
The main difference between the last bear market and the one we face today is that the one from 10 years ago was a financial crisis caused by too much leverage in the system.
Today’s is a slowdown triggered by a health crisis.
Wall Street economists have called for zero growth in the first half of 2020 as travelers cancel trips and businesses cancel conferences.
The speed of the sell-off is historic. It usually takes a lot longer for stocks to drop 20% from their highs.
Going back to the 1920s, the average double-digit correction for U.S. stocks is 207 days from peak to trough. This one took a mere 15 trading days.
It’s Not the End of the World
While we will likely have a recession this year, the risk of a complete financial collapse remains low.
It might feel like the end of the world right now. But there are a number of things that are different this time around:
- Unlike the last bear market, U.S. banks, the lifeblood of the economy, are well capitalized. They’ve spent the past decade doubling reserves, automating workforces, streamlining businesses and preparing for a cyclical downturn. After the 2008 financial crisis, reforms such as the Dodd-Frank Act mandated higher capital ratios for risky assets. This ensures that banks couldn’t continue making leveraged bets on shady mortgages and loans.
- Financial activity, such as mortgage refinancing, is on a tear. Last week’s unprecedented drop in the U.S. 10-year interest rate sparked a surge in the mortgage refinance market. Mortgage applications increased a whopping 55.4% from one week earlier. This reduces homeowners’ monthly payments and is a “green shoot” that will propel the economy when the coronavirus eventually subsides.
- Unlike 2008, the hardest-hit sectors — hotels, airlines and cruises — aren’t systemic risks. There might be fewer cruise operators and domestic airlines when this is over, but those risks are contained among the companies and their lenders.
- The economy was on strong footing heading into this sell-off. Last Friday, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that the U.S. economy added 273,000 jobs in February. While the next few months will likely see a slowdown in hiring, it’s not improbable for us to see employers adding back workers as the virus recedes.
Lastly, the fact that people seem to be taking the coronavirus seriously is a positive step.
Major events such as South by Southwest and Coachella have been canceled or postponed.
The MLB, NBA and NHL suspended their seasons. The NCAA canceled March Madness. And businesses are letting employees work from home.
Daily Cases Will Begin Coming Down
We’re at the point now where the exponential growth of coronavirus cases is just starting.
What we know about the virus is that social distancing is necessary to combat the spread.
The sooner we can mitigate the spread, the sooner we can get past the peak. Then daily cases will begin coming down.
The good news is that the market has already priced in a slowdown.
And it’s likely this bear market will recede as quickly as it arrived.
Editor, Automatic Fortunes
My career on Wall Street started while I was in college. I spent a summer interning for Merrill Lynch in the middle of the ‘90s bull market. I was fascinated with trading, and as a result, after college, I joined Salomon Brothers in the famed mortgage bond trading department. Later, I spent time at Citigroup working with credit derivatives. Eventually, I needed to walk away from the excess of Wall Street. That’s when I joined Banyan Hill in 2017. Now I help readers get ahead of the market and build their retirements.